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Skaneateles School District
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CELL STRUCTURE STUDY GUIDE
  1. Nucleus- control center of the cell, directs all cell activities
  2. Cell Membrane- gatekeeper of the cell, allows some things to move or out but not all things.
  3. Mitochondria- the energy source of the cell, the power generator, site of respiration
  4. Vacuole- storage area for the cell- stores, water, wastes, oxygen and food
  5. Endoplasmic reticulum- transport system of the cell.
  6. Ribosomes-place where proteins are made
  7. Golgi Bodies- packages proteins and gives support
  8. Chloroplasts- makes food for the plant cell, changes solar energy into chemical energy
 
The main differences of the plant and animal cell are:
PLANT ANIMAL
Contains cell wall No cell wall
Box-like shape Roundish shape
Large vacuoles Small vacuoles
No centrioles centrioles
Lysosomes are rare Lysosomes are many
chloroplasts No chloroplasts
 
 
CELL THEORY:
  1.  All organisms are made of one or more cells
  2.  All cells come from other cells
  3.  A cell is the basic/smallest unit of life that carries on all life’s processes
 
Down the left side of the animal cell:   Down the right side of the animal cell:
Nucleus                             mitochondria
Golgi bodies                      centriole
Chromosomes                        cell membrane
Nuclear membrane           endoplasmic reticulum
Lysosome                          vacuole
                                          Ribosomes
Down the left side of the plant cell:    Down the right side of the plant cell:
Endoplasmic reticulum        chloroplasts
Ribosomes                         mitochondria
Nucleus                              nuclear membrane
Golgi bodies                       vacuole
Cell membrane                   cell wall
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Superintendent:
Kenneth G. Slentz
 
Phone:
315-291-2221
 
Address:
45 East Elizabeth Street
Skaneateles, NY 13152